|Covid-19|Magistrates' Court (Hong Kong) Wikipedia
Magistrates' courts in Hong Kong are presided over by 'Permanent', 'Deputy' and 'Special' Magistrates. All must be professionally qualified. The distinction between Permanent and Deputy magistrates is merely tenure and procedure for appointment; though all must be professionally qualified, Special magistrates need not have practised in the profession but must have five years' experience in an ancillary courtroom role.
Permanent and Deputy Magistrates are empowered to impose sentences of up to two years' imprisonment and fines of up to HK$100,000 on a wide range of indictable and summary offences; in certain circumstances, sentences of 3 years may be imposed. Special Magistrates are generally assigned cases less serious in nature, such as traffic cases, but they are also empowered to impose sentences of imprisonment.Existing Magistrates' Courts
Former Magistrates' Courts