Samiksha Jaiswal

Lujon (musical instrument)

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Other names  Loo-jon Metal log drum
Developed  Middle 20th century
Inventor(s)  William Loughborough
Volume  Low
Lujon (musical instrument)
Classification  Percussion (Metallophone)
Hornbostel–Sachs classification  111.222 (Directly struck idiophone)

The lujon ( /ˈlɒn/ LOO-jon) is a bass metallophone consisting of individually-pitched metal plates that are attached to the resonance chambers of a partitioned wooden box.

Contents

History

The lujon was invented by William Loughborough. At his Sausalito, California studio, Loughborough created a variety of new percussion instruments, including the boobam and lujon, after working with Harry Partch in the mid-1950s.

The lujon is played with soft mallets, and produces a sound that is dominated by its fundamental frequency. The instrument is also known as a loo-jon or metal log drum. In a 2009 Web post, Loughborough provided the following historical background: "Henry Mancini's drummer, Shelly Manne had several drums I made and one of them was the Lujon (a pun on 'John Lewis' who bought the first one). Mancini was very impressed with the instrument and wrote ['Lujon'] using its scale as the theme."

On 7 April 2010, Loughborough died of a heart attack in Madrid, Spain at the age of 84.

Composers

Composers who wrote for lujon include Jerry Goldsmith, Gerald Fried, Dave Grusin, and John Williams. Henry Mancini used it in his score for Hatari!, and also featured the instrument in a composition called "Lujon."

References

Lujon (musical instrument) Wikipedia


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