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Longyangxia Dam

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Country  China
Opening date  1992
Impounds  Yellow River
Height  178 m
Surface area  383 km²
Construction began  1976
Status  In use
Type of dam  Arch gravity dam
Length  396 m
Catchment area  752,443 km²
Province  Qinghai
Longyangxia Dam
Location  Gonghe County, Qinghai Province
Address  Gonghe, Hainan, Qinghai, China
Similar  Lijiaxia Dam, Liujiaxia Dam, Sanmenxia Dam, Xiaolangdi Dam, Ertan Dam

The Longyangxia Dam is a concrete arch-gravity dam at the entrance of the Longyangxia canyon on the Yellow River in Gonghe County, Qinghai Province, China. The dam is 178 metres (584 ft) tall and was built for the purposes of hydroelectric power generation, irrigation, ice control and flood control. The dam supports a 1,280 MW power station with 4 x 320 MW generators that can operate at a maximum capacity of 1400 MW. Controlling ice, the dam controls downstream releases to reservoirs lower in the river, allowing them to generate more power instead of mitigating ice. Water in the dam's 24.7 billion m3 reservoir provides irrigation water for up to 1,000,000 hectares (2,471,054 acres) of land.

The dam is composed of its main body and a gravity pier and secondary dam on both its left and right flank. The dam's service spillway contains two 12 metres (39 ft) wide gates that discharge water into two 260 metres (853 ft) and 280 metres (919 ft) long chutes. Downstream discharges are also controlled by a similar single-chute middle outlet and the lower outlet works.

Photovoltaic power station

In 2013 a solar photovoltaic station was built with a nameplate capacity of 320 MWp (Phase I), covering 9 square kilometres (3.5 sq mi). An additional 530 MWp (Phase II) was completed in 2015, covering further 14 square kilometres (5.4 sq mi), making Longyangxia Dam Solar Park, with 850 MWp capacity, the largest photovoltaic power station in the world.

The solar power station is integrated with the Hydroelectric power station. The park is coupled to one of the hydroelectric turbines, which automatically regulate the output to balance the variable generation from solar before dispatching power to the grid. This limits the problems connected to variable solar generation while helping to conserve water.

References

Longyangxia Dam Wikipedia


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