Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Lolium multiflorum

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Poaceae
Scientific name  Lolium multiflorum
Higher classification  Ryegrass
Order  Poales
Genus  Lolium
Rank  Species
Lolium multiflorum httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsdd
Similar  Ryegrass, Lolium perenne, Grasses, Festuca pratensis, Dactylis glomerata

Lolium multiflorum (Italian rye-grass, annual ryegrass) is a ryegrass native to temperate Europe, though its precise native range is unknown.

Lolium multiflorum Lolium multiflorum Italian rye grass Go Botany

It is a herbaceous annual, biennial, or perennial grass that is grown for silage, and as a cover crop. It is also grown as an ornamental grass. It readily naturalizes in temperate climates, and can become a noxious weed in agricultural areas and an invasive species in native habitats.

Lolium multiflorum Italian Ryegrass Lolium multiflorum NatureSpot

It is a host plant to wheat yellow leaf virus in its native Europe.

It is sometimes considered a subspecies of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). It differs from L. perenne in its spikelet, which has a long bristle at the top, and its stem, which is round rather than folded.

Lolium multiflorum Lolium multiflorum details Forestventurecom

It can be mistaken for couch (Elymus repens), which has spikelets along the broad side of the stem rather than the edge.

Lolium multiflorum Italian Ryegrass Lolium multiflorum NatureSpot

Other common names in English include Australian ryegrass, short rotation ryegrass, and Westerwolds ryegrass. It is also one of several species called darnel.

Lolium multiflorum Annual Ryegrass Lolium multiflorum WinLAWN Lawn Care Guide

Uses

Lolium multiflorum Lolium multiflorum

In the United States, Lolium multiflorum is sometimes used as a winter cover crop to prevent erosion, build soil structure and suppress weeds. As a palatable forage crop, it can be grazed by livestock and provide food in years when alfalfa suffers from winter kill.

Lolium multiflorum Italian ryegrass 27598 English common name Lolium multiflorum

References

Lolium multiflorum Wikipedia


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