Puneet Varma (Editor)

Lithium cobalt oxide

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Formula  LiCoO2
Molar mass  97.87 g/mol
Lithium cobalt oxide httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons55

Lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO
) is a chemical compound commonly used in the positive electrodes of lithium-ion batteries. The structure of LiCoO
has been studied with numerous techniques including x-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, neutron powder diffraction, and EXAFS: it consists of layers of lithium that lie between slabs of octahedra formed by cobalt and oxygen atoms. The space group is R 3 ¯ m in Hermann-Mauguin notation, signifying a rhombus-like unit cell with threefold improper rotational symmetry and a mirror plane. More simply, however, both lithium and cobalt are octahedrally coordinated by oxygen. These octahedra are edge-sharing, and tilted relative to the layered structure. The threefold rotational axis (which is normal to the layers) is termed improper because the triangles of oxygen (being on opposite sides of each octahedron) are anti-aligned.

Lithium cobalt oxide Process to Modeling a Lithium Cobalt Oxide Battery Cell

Batteries produced with LiCoO
cathodes have very stable capacities, but have lower capacities and power than cathodes based on nickel-cobalt-aluminum (NCA) oxides. Issues with thermal stability are better for LiCoO
cathodes than other nickel-rich chemistries although not significantly. This makes LiCoO
batteries susceptible to thermal runaway in cases of abuse such as high temperature operation (>130 °C) or overcharging. At elevated temperatures, LiCoO
decomposition generates oxygen, which then reacts with the organic electrolyte of the cell. This is a safety concern due to the magnitude of this highly exothermic reaction, which can spread to adjacent cells or ignite nearby combustible material. In general, this is seen for many lithium ion battery cathodes.

The compound's usefulness as an intercalation electrode was discovered in 1980 by John B. Goodenough's research group at Oxford.

Lithium cobalt oxide Imaging Lithium Atoms One Angstrom Microscope39s observations
Lithium cobalt oxide Virus Selection for Lithium Ion Battery Formation MicrobeWiki


Lithium cobalt oxide Wikipedia