A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket, played between two teams that have international status, as determined by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The first ODI match was played between Australia and England in 1971 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, as a 40-over match. An ODI can have three possible results—it can be won by either of the two teams, it could be tied, or it could be declared to have "no result". In cricket, a match is said to be tied if it ends with both the teams scoring exactly the same number of runs and with the side batting second having completed its innings with all 10 batsmen being out or the predetermined number of overs having been completed. In case of rain-affected matches, the match is tied if the Duckworth–Lewis method indicates that the second team exactly meets but does not exceed the par score. There have been two occasions where a match has been tied, that the team which had lost fewer wickets was declared the winner. Pakistan was involved in both matches, losing one against India and winning the other against Australia.
The first tie in ODIs occurred in 1984 when Australia played West Indies in the second final of the Benson and Hedges World Series Cup; the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack noted "[the match] led to more dissension than delight." The second tie, also involving Australia, occurred in 1989 during the second match of the Texaco Trophy in England. Between 1991 and 1997, at least one ODI was tied every year. Starting from 1999, a further 19 ties have occurred until 2014, more frequently than ever before. The first World Cup match involving a tie was the second semi-final of the 1999 tournament when Australia played South Africa. At least one match was tied in the subsequent tournaments until the 2011 World Cup.
As of November 2016, there have been a total of 34 ties in ODIs. Every Test-playing nation has been involved in a tie except Bangladesh; Australia have been involved in the most (nine) including three ties each against South Africa and the West Indies. There has been at least one tied ODI in every Test-playing nation except Bangladesh; five ties have occurred in both Australia as well as England.
There have been two instances where the team which lost fewer wickets was declared the winner.