Lewis O'Dempsey, 2nd Viscount Clanmalier (died 1683) was an Irish aristocrat of the seventeenth century.
He was descended from the Gaelic Dempsey sept of Leinster who had secured their lands in Queen's County through the surrender and regrant policy during the Tudor era. His grandfather Terence O'Dempsey, a long-standing sheriff of Queen's County, had been made a viscount in 1631. Because of the early death of his father Owny O'Dempsey, Lewis succeeded his grandfather as the second viscount in 1638.
Although his grandfather appears to have conformed to the Protestant Church of Ireland, Lewis was a Roman Catholic. He accused of taking part in the Irish Rebellion of 1641 and was attainted by the Irish Parliament the following year. After the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland he was accordingly dispossessed of his estates in Kings and Queens County by the English republicans. Although he was subsequently declared innocent of many of the charges against him following the Restoration in 1660, he struggled to have his estates returned to him. Nonetheless he was restored to his title of Viscount in 1662.
He was married on two occasions. His first wife was Martha Itchingham while his second was Dorothy Molloy, the daughter of Colonel Charles Molloy of County Offaly, whom he married in 1671. He was succeeded by his son Maximilian O'Dempsey, 3rd Viscount Clanmalier.
He was a cousin of the Irish Jacobite leader Patrick Sarsfield.