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Legazpi, Albay

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Country  Philippines
Population  175,843 (2007)
Area  153.70 km2
Region  Bicol
District  2nd district
Founded  1616
Mayor  Noel Rosal
Colleges and Universities  Bicol University, Aquinas University, Divine Word College of Legazpi, Bicol College, Bicol University – Daraga

Legazpi, officially the City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Spanish: Ciudad de Legazpi) and often referred to as Legazpi City, is a component city and capital of the province of Albay in the Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 182,201.


Map of Legazpi, Albay

Legazpi City is the administrative center and largest city of the Bicol Region. It is also considered as the center of tourism, education, health services, commerce and transportation in the Bicol Region.

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Mayon Volcano, one of the Philippines most popular icons and tourist destinations, is partly within the citys borders. Legazpi is located on the east or Pacific coast of Albay province, specifically on Albay Gulf. The city comprises two districts: Legazpi Port, and Albay District. Legazpis nickname is the "City of Fun and Adventure".

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Legazpi, Albay in the past, History of Legazpi, Albay

Legazpi was originally a fishing settlement called Sawangan that occupied what is now the Legazpi Port, whose inhabitants were mostly fishermen and farmers.

Legazpi, Albay in the past, History of Legazpi, Albay

In 1587, Franciscan friars of the Doctrina de Cagsawa began to convert the areas population to Christianity and in 1616, founded a separate parish town a few kilometres inland called Albay. Its first parish priest built a small chapel and established the Mision de San Gregorio Magno de Sawangan. Eventually, Sawangan was absorbed into Albay, which later gave its name to the entire province.

On September 22, 1856, through Royal Decree, the name Legazpi was officially adopted and the settlement was expanded to include the visitas of Lamba, Rawis and Bigaa. The newly expanded and independent town of Legazpi was officially inaugurated on October 23, 1856.

After the eruption of Mayon Volcano on February 1, 1814, Legazpi residents evacuated to Makalaya (now Taysan). At the decree of the Gobierno Superior on October 1, 1829, they were prohibited from establishing another town, leaving them to settle in Taytay (Bagumbayan). In 1818, Sawangan (now called Albay Viejo, Old Albay), was partitioned from Cagsawa and made the capital of Partido de Ibalon (the former name of Albay Province). Some remained in Albay Viejo and established a new settlement around an ermita (hermitage/chapel of ease) dedicated to the Archangel Raphael, whom they adopted as their patron saint after Saint Gregory the Great had been transferred to the new site of Albay.

Legazpi was first declared a city under the Becerra Law of 1892 by Rona Cantuba Mecayer. The new city comprised the municipalities of Legazpi, Albay Nuevo, and Daraga under the Ayuntamiento de Albay.


As of June 30, 2014, the volume of bank deposits in the city is at 21.9 Billion Pesos, making it the city with the highest volume of bank deposits in the Bicol Region.

Places of interest

  • Lignon Hill
  • The Albay Park and Wildlife, located along Binitayan Road, is a picnic grove and a zoological park combined.
  • The Embarcadero is a major waterfront development in Legazpi fronting the main harbor of Legazpi with views towards Mayon Volcano. It consists of retail spaces, restaurants, markets, a major civic space and landmark lighthouse.
  • Camp Simeon A. Ola is the seat of the Police Regional Office 5 for the Bicol Region. Named after the General Simeon Ola, a hero during the Philippine Revolution, the camp is open to the public as a culture and a heritage park.
  • The Japanese Tunnel is an L-shaped tunnel used as an arsenal by the Japanese Imperial Army during the World War II. It measures 40 metres (130 ft) long and around 7 feet (2.1 m) deep below the ground. The tunnel is located in Brgy. EMs Barrio South in the Albay District.
  • Kapuntukan Hill (also known as the Sleeping Lion Hill) is located at the point south of the Port of Legazpi. The Embarcadero, the Legazpi Port District, and Albay Gulf with Mayon Volcano can be viewed from the top of the hill.
  • The Legazpi City Museum showcases the heritage and culture of the city and province.
  • Liberty Bell is a bronze bell installed in 1945 by the American liberation forces at the Penaranda Park. It is enclosed with a dome-shaped concrete structure with the inscription, “Whenever oppression knocks at your door, feel free to ring this bell”.
  • Rizal Park is located in front of Saint Raphael Church on Penaranda Street. Its dominating features are the fountain located at the center of the park, and the monument of Jose Rizal, the countrys national hero, sculpted by National Artist Napoleon Abueva in 1966.
  • Festivals

  • The Ibalong Festival is celebrated in the month of August.
  • Street food legaspi city


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