Puneet Varma (Editor)

Lawrence (judge royal)

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Reign  1164–1172
Successor  Cumpurdinus
Predecessor  Gabriel
Died  Duchy of Austria

Lawrence (Hungarian: Lőrinc; died after 1174) was a nobleman in the Kingdom of Hungary, who served as Judge royal (Latin: curialis comes) between 1164 and 1172, during the reign of Stephen III of Hungary.

He was loyal to Géza II of Hungary as, according to a royal charter issued in 1212, he held the positions of ispán of Sopron and Vas Counties for at most more than twenty years, from 1141 to 1162. When he was already Judge royal, a non-authentic charter also refers to him as ispán of Sopron County therefore it is conceivable that Lawrence held both ispánates until his end of career and residence in Hungary.

When the civil war broke out between Stephen III, who ascended the throne after the death of his father Géza II, and his uncles (Ladislaus and Stephen IV) in 1162, Lawrence supported the young king. He was mentioned among the great barons in 1162. He was appointed Judge royal in 1164, replacing Gabriel. In 1172, when Lucas, Archbishop of Esztergom refused to perform the coronation of Béla III, who had returned from Constantinople, Lawrence and numerous other barons followed the archbishop and supported Prince Géza, the youngest surviving son of the late Géza II.

However Béla III was able to strengthen his power and was crowned by the Archbishop of Kalocsa who was authorized by Pope Alexander III in early 1173. According to a Bohemian chronicle (Continuatio Gerlaci abbatis Milovicensis), Béla imprisoned his younger brother, Géza, who however escaped from prison and fled to Austria in 1174, alongside Lawrence who also had fled the country and died in exile sometime later.


Lawrence (judge royal) Wikipedia

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