Tribute to etienne tshisekedi wa mulumba to order at edition l harmattan
Éditions L'Harmattan, usually known simply as L'Harmattan, is one of the largest French book publishers. It specialises in non-fiction books with a particular focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. It is named after the Harmattan, a trade wind in West Africa.
- Tribute to etienne tshisekedi wa mulumba to order at edition l harmattan
- Video l harmattan 123 mo ok
Video l harmattan 123 mo ok
L'Harmattan was founded in 1975. In 2013 it produced 500 magazines and 2,000 new books per year, most as both books and E-books, and has a backlist of 38,000 books, 33,000 E-books, and 1,700 videos, with about a third each on Europe, Africa, and the rest of the world.
A third of its titles are in literature, a tenth in history, and 5% each in philosophy, current affairs, education, politics, sociology, and fine arts. Slightly fewer are published in economics, psychology, ethnology, languages, etc., but even these categories have hundreds of titles, for example 500 in languages, and more languages taught than almost any other publisher.
L'Harmattan controls costs by requiring authors to prepare electronic manuscripts in final format, not paying royalties on the first few hundred copies, and having short print runs of only a few hundred for its most specialized books.
It has sales of 8.5 million euros per year, of which 2 million are exported. Thus it has lower sales but more titles than for example Gallimard, which has 135 million euros in sales. and 1,400 titles, The differences reflect the low print runs of L'Harmattan's more specialized books.