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Kerala Legislative Assembly election, 1967

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Turnout  75.67%
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Kerala Legislative Assembly election, 1967

The Kerala Legislative Assembly election of 1967 was the fourth assembly election in the Indian state of Kerala.

Contents

Background

In the 1965 elections, no party was able to form a government in Kerala. No viable coalition took shape, and Kerala went back to President Rule for another 2 years.

Kerala again went back to the polls in 1967. Both communist parties - CPI (M) and CPI - along with smaller parties including SSP and Muslim League contested this election as a "United Front". A total of seven parties contested in the front, and the front was also known as "Sapta Kakshi Munnani". Congress and Kerala Congress contested separately.

Total polling percentage was 75.67%.

Constituencies

There were 133 constituencies in total, out of which 120 were General Category, 11 Scheduled Castes and 2 Scheduled Tribe seats.

Political parties

The national parties contested were Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Indian National Congress, Praja Socialist Party, Sanghata Socialist Party and Swatantra Party along with the state parties Indian Union Muslim League and Kerala Congress.

Government formation

The United Front performed spectacularly swept most of the seats. Congress and Kerala Congress were decimated with 9 and 5 seats respectively. E M S became the Chief Minister for the second time. Second E. M. S. Namboodiripad Ministry had 14 members. For the first time in Kerala's history, the cabinet also included members from Muslim League.

K. Karunakaran became the opposition leader in the assembly.

Fall of EMS Government

CPI (M) and CPI continued to have suspicions with each other. Due to the alleged high-handedness of CPI (M) in governance, most smaller parties were unsatisfied. This period also was marked with series of student strikes and police firings. CPI, SSP & Muslim League eventually became a group within the front, and worked together. Many ministers from the smaller parties resigned eventually, and many parties subsequently left the front.

On October 24, 1969, EMS submitted resignation owing to the loss of majority in the assembly.

Achutha Menon Ministry

Within a week of resignation of E M S Namboothiripad, M N Govindan Nair of CPI informed the Governor that their party was ready to form an alternate government. CPI formed a government with outside support from Congress. C. Achutha Menon became the Chief Minister of Kerala on 1969, November 1. The First Achutha Menon Ministry had 8 members.

References

Kerala Legislative Assembly election, 1967 Wikipedia


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