Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Kedah Malay

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Native speakers  2.6 million (2004)
Kedah Malay

Native to  Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Indonesia
Region  Kedah, Pulau Pinang, Perlis, Perak, Satun, Trang, Hat Yai, Ranong, Tanintharyi, Acheh
Ethnicity  Kedahan Malays, Thai Malays
Language family  Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian (MP) Nuclear MP Malayo-Sumbawan Malayic Malayan Malay? Kedah Malay
Dialects  Coastal Kedah Perlis-Langkawi Penang Upstream Kedah Satun?

Kedah Malay or Kedahan (Also known as Pelat Utara or Loghat Utara 'Northern Dialect') also referred in Thailand as "Satun Malay" (มลายูสตูล) is a variety of the Malayan languages mainly spoken in the northwestern northern Malaysian states of Perlis, Kedah, Penang, and northern Perak and in the southern Thai provinces of Trang, Satun and parts of Yala, the usage of Kedahan Malay was historically extended north to till Phuket island before being superseded by the Thai language.

Kedah Malay can be divided into several dialects, namely Kedah Persisiran (standard), Baling or Kedah Hulu, Kedah Utara, Perlis-Langkawi, Penang and some others outside Malaysia. See Malayan languages for a comparison of Kedah Persisiran, Penang and Baling dialects.

The main characteristic of Kedah Malay is the -a final vocal is pronounced as /ɑ/ such as /a/ in "dark", which is varied from standard Malay -a that pronounced as /a/. Other characteristics of the dialect are final consonant -r is pronounced as -q and final consonant -s is pronounced as -ih (e.g.:Lapar = Lapaq (Hungry), Lepas = Lepaih (release, after) ) while initial and middle r are guttural. Speakers in Trang are most heavily influenced by Thai language.


Some word examples of comparison between Kedah Malay and Standard Malay along with English translation:


Kedah Malay Wikipedia