Jesper Svenbro (born 10 March 1944, in Landskrona, Scania) is a Swedish poet, classical philologist, and member of the Swedish Academy.
Svenbro was educated at Lund University, where he was awarded a Ph.D. in 1976 for his dissertation La parole et le marbre: aux origines de la poétique grecque, on the origin of ancient Greek poetics. Other works include Phrasikleia: anthropologie de la lecture en Grèce ancienne (1988). He is director of research at Centre Louis Gernet (CRCSA) in Paris. In 2006, he was elected a member of the Swedish Academy, succeeding the poet Östen Sjöstrand in seat 8.
His poetry has been translated into English by the Swedish critic Lars-Håkan Svensson and the American poet John Matthias, and appearing, among other venues, in the journal Samizdat (poetry magazine) and the volume The Three-Toed Gull: Selected Poems, published by Northwestern University Press.