Nationality French Role Mathematician Education University of Paris | Alma mater Ecole Polytechnique Fields Mathematics Name Jean-Michel Bismut | |

Born 26 February 1948 (age 67)
Lisbon, Portugal (1948-02-26) Doctoral students Patrick Cattiaux Kai Kohler Known for Probabilistic proof of Atiyah-Singer index theorem Notable awards Prix Ampere (French Academy of Sciences), 1990 Doctoral advisor Jacques-Louis Lions, Jacques Neveu Books Hypoelliptic Laplacian and Bott, Hypoelliptic Laplacian and Orbit, The hypoelliptic Laplacian, Families Torsion and Mors, Large Deviations and the M | ||

Institutions Universite Paris-Sud |

**Jean-Michel Bismut** (born 26 February 1948) is a French mathematician who has been a Professor at the Université Paris-Sud since 1981. His mathematical career covers two apparently different branches of mathematics: probability theory and differential geometry. Ideas from probability play an important role in his works on geometry.

## Biography

Bismut's early work was related to stochastic differential equations, stochastic control, and Malliavin calculus, to which he made fundamental contributions.

Bismut received in 1973 his Docteur d'État in Mathematics, from the Université Paris-VI, a thesis entitled Analyse convexe et probabilités. In his thesis, Bismut established a stochastic version of Pontryagin's maximum principle in control theory by introducing and studying the backward stochastic differential equations which have been the starting point of an intensive research in stochastic analysis and it stands now as a major tool of Mathematical Finance.

Using the quasi-invariance of the Brownian measure, Bismut gave a new approach to the Malliavin calculus and a probabilistic proof of Hörmander's theorem. He established his celebrated integration by parts for the Brownian motion on manifolds.

Since 1984, Bismut works on differential geometry. He found a heat equation proof for the Atiyah–Singer index theorem. And he established a local version of the Atiyah-Singer families index theorem for Dirac operators, by introducing the Bismut superconnection which plays a central role in modern aspects of index theory.

Bismut-Freed developed the theory of Quillen metrics on the smooth determinant line bundle associated with a family of Dirac operators. Bismut-Gillet-Soulé gave a curvature theorem for the Quillen metric on the holomorphic determinant of a direct image by a holomorphic proper submersion. This and Bismut--Lebeau's embedding formula for analytic torsions play a crucial role in the proof of the arithmetic Riemann-Roch theorem in Arakelov theory, in which analytic torsion is an essential analytic ingredient in the definition of the direct image.

Bismut gave a natural construction of a Hodge theory whose corresponding Laplacian is a hypoelliptic operator acting on the total space of the cotangent bundle of a Riemannian manifold. This operator interpolates formally between the classical elliptic Laplacian on the base and the generator of the geodesic flow. One striking application is Bismut's explicit formulas for all orbital integrals at semi-simple elements of any reductive Lie group.

In 1990 he was awarded the Prix Ampere of the Academy of Sciences. He was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in the summer of 1984. He was elected as a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1991.

In 1986 he was an invited speaker in the Geometry section at the ICM in Berkeley, and in 1998 he was a plenary speaker at the ICM in Berlin.

He was a member of the Fields Medal Committee for ICM 1990. From 1999 until 2006, a member of the Executive Committee (from 2003 until 2006 as Vice-President), International Mathematical Union (IMU). From 1989 until 2008, he is an editor of Inventiones Mathematicae, and from 1996 until 2008, as a managing editor.