James Wallace Robinson (November 26, 1826 – June 28, 1898) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.
Born in the township of Darby, near Unionville Center, Ohio, Robinson attended the common schools and Marysville Academy. He was graduated from Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, in 1848. He studied law first with Otway Curry, and graduated from Cincinnati Law School in 1851. He was admitted to the bar in the latter year and commenced practice in London, Ohio, partnering with Curry. He served as prosecuting attorney of Union County for two terms, elected as a Whig. He moved to Marysville, Ohio, in 1855. He served as member of the State house of representatives 1860-1862, and in 1864 was elected to fill an unexpired term.
Robinson was elected as a Republican to the Forty-third Congress (March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1874 to the Forty-fourth Congress. He resumed the practice of his profession. He died in Marysville, Ohio, June 28, 1898. He was interred in Oakdale Cemetery.
Robinson was a Presbyterian, and an elder in the church beginning in 1855. He was a member of the Board of Trustees of the College of Wooster, which conferred a LL.D. on him in 1896. He was married to Mary J. Cassil of Marysville, and had two children and died in 1894. In 1896 he married Mary E. Kent of Rome, New York.
His nephew, James E. Robinson, was an associate justice of the Supreme Court of Ohio and a maternal great-grandfather of U.S. President George W. Bush. This would make James Wallace Robinson a great-great-granduncle of a President of the United States.