Nisha Rathode (Editor)

James Russell (Scottish politician)

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Name  James Russell

James Russell (Scottish politician)

Sir James Alexander Russell (6 April 1846 in Glassellan House, Skye – 22 January 1918 in Edinburgh) was a Scottish physician who served as Lord Provost of Edinburgh (1891–94). He was a pioneer in the development of public health services.



He was born in Glassellan House on the Isle of Skye the son of Rev A F Russell, A Free Church minister. He was educated at Stronafian Free Church School. He was then sent to Edinburgh University to study Medicine, graduating MB CM in 1868. He then took a degree in Public Health, graduating BSc in 1875. In 1876 he became a Demonstrator in the Anatomy Department (dissecting bodies during lectures).

In 1877 he made a strange change in career in began lecturing in the Theory of Plumbing at what was then Heriot-Watt College in Edinburgh. This focused on the health aspects of drainage and clean water supplies.

In 1880 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Sir William Turner, Alexander Crum Brown, Andrew Douglas Maclagan, and Sir John Murray.

In 1880 he became a Councillor in Edinburgh and was made a Bailie in 1885. The city made him Lord Provost in 1891.

He was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1894, also receiving an honorary doctorate (LLD) from Edinburgh University in the same year.

He died at home, Woodville on Canaan Lane in south-west Edinburgh and is buried in Dean Cemetery in Edinburgh in the central southern section with both his wives.


In 1876 he married Marianne (Marion) Rae Wilson, daughter of James Wilson FRSE (1795-1856). She died in 1882. He remarried in 1897 to a widow, Mrs Mary Ruth MacKenzie (née Prior).


James Russell (Scottish politician) Wikipedia

Similar Topics
Out of the Furnace
Jean Philippe Maurer
Cody Chesnutt