| Edwin James|
University of Kansas
University of Kansas
| James Edwin Gunn
July 12, 1923 (age 92)
Kansas City, Missouri, USA (1923-07-12) |
Professor of English, critic, fiction writer
Hugo Award for Best Related Work
Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation
The Listeners, Star Bridge, The Joy Makers, The Immortals, Isaac Asimov: The Foun
Jack Williamson, Theodore Sturgeon, George Zebrowski, Octavia E Butler, Pamela Sargent
James E. Gunn (writer) Wikipedia
James Edwin Gunn (born July 12, 1923) is an American science fiction writer, editor, scholar, and anthologist. His work as an editor of anthologies includes the six-volume Road to Science Fiction series. He won the Hugo Award for "Best Related Work" in 1983 and he has won or been nominated for several other awards for his non-fiction works in the field of science fiction studies. The Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America made him its 24th Grand Master in 2007 and he was inducted by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame in 2015.
Gunn is a professor emeritus of English, and the founding director of the Center for the Study of Science Fiction, both at the University of Kansas.
Gunn served in the U.S. Navy during World War II, after which he attended the University of Kansas, earning a Bachelor of Science in Journalism in 1947 and a Masters of Arts in English in 1951. Gunn became a faculty member of the University of Kansas, where he served as the university's director of public relations and as a Professor of English, specializing in science fiction and fiction writing. He is now a professor emeritus and director of the Center for the Study of Science Fiction, which awards the annual John W. Campbell Memorial Award for best novel and the Theodore Sturgeon Memorial Award at the Campbell Conference in Lawrence, Kansas, every summer.
He served as President of the Science Fiction Writers of America from 1971–1972 and was President of the Science Fiction Research Association from 1980–1982. SFWA honored him as a Grand Master of Science Fiction in 2007.
On June 12, 2015, Locus announced the selection of Gunn and four others for induction into the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame, along with "a 'lightning-fast' fundraiser to cover [Gunn's] travel expenses so he can attend the June 27, 2015 induction ceremony in Seattle".
Gunn began his career as a science fiction writer in 1949, making his first short story sale to Thrilling Wonder Stories. He has had almost 100 stories published in magazines and anthologies and has written 28 books and edited 10. Many of his stories and books have been reprinted around the world.
From 1949 to 1952, Gunn wrote ten short stories published as by Edwin James, a pseudonym derived from his full name. The first two in print, "Communication" and "Paradox" (that first sale), were published in September and October 1949 by editor Sam Merwin in Startling Stories and Thrilling Wonder Stories. His novels were first published by Gnome Press in 1955, Star Bridge, written by Gunn and Jack Williamson, and This Fortress World.
Scribner's published Gunn's novel The Listeners in 1972 and it was runner-up for the first annual John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel. Carl Sagan called it "one of the very best fictional portrayals of contact with extraterrestrial intelligence ever written." According to the publisher of a 2004 edition, "this book predicted and inspired the creation of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)—the organization dedicated to the search for extraterrestrial life."
In 1996, Gunn wrote a novelization of "The Joy Machine", an unproduced episode of Star Trek scripted by Theodore Sturgeon.
His stories also have been adapted into radioplays and teleplays.NBC Radio's X Minus One – "Cave of Night", February 1, 1956
Desilu Playhouse's 1959 "Man in Orbit", based on Gunn's "The Cave of Night"
ABC-TV's Movie of the Week "The Immortal" (1969) and an hour-long television series The Immortal in 1970, based on Gunn's The Immortals
An episode of the USSR science fiction TV series This Fantastic World, filmed in 1989 and entitled "Psychodynamics of the Witchcraft", was based on James Gunn's 1953 story "Wherever You May Be"
Mystery drama If the bride is a witch (Russia, 2002) based on "Wherever You May Be"
Star Bridge, Gunn and Jack Williamson (Gnome Press, 1955)
This Fortress World (Gnome, 1955)
Station in Space (Bantam Books, 1958), stories
The Joy Makers (Bantam, 1961)
Future Imperfect (Bantam, 1964), stories
The Immortals (Bantam, 1964), four stories; revised and expanded ed. comprising five stories, Pocket Books, 2004
The Immortal (Bantam, 1970) – novelization from the TV series The Immortal
The Witching Hour (Dell, 1970), stories
The Listeners (Scribner's, 1972), stories – October 1972 collection of six novelettes, five previously published (September 1968 to September 1972); "The 'Computer Run's between each story average 8 pages long"
Breaking Point (Walker & Co., 1972), stories
The Burning (Dell, 1972), stories
Some Dreams Are Nightmares (Scribner's, 1974), stories
The End of the Dreams (Scribner's, 1975), stories
The Magicians (Scribner's, 1976) – expanded from a novella, "Sine of the Magus" (Beyond Fantasy Fiction, May 1954)
Kampus (Bantam, 1977)
The Dreamers (Simon & Schuster, 1981)
Crisis! (Tor Books, 1986) – fix-up of six stories published 1978 to 1985
The Millennium Blues (e-reads.com, 2000; Easton Press, 2001)
Human Voices (Five Star Books, 2002)
Gift from the Stars (Easton, 2005)
Transcendental (Transcendental Machine #1) ISBN 9780765335012 (Tor, 2013)
Transgalactic (Transcendental Machine #2) ISBN 9780765380920 (Tor, 2016)
Transformation (Transcendental Machine #3) ISBN 9780765386663 (Tor, June 2017)
Alternate Worlds: The Illustrated History of Science Fiction (Prentice-Hall, 1975), ISBN 0-89104-049-8 – winner of the Locus Award and Worldcon Special Award
Isaac Asimov: The Foundations of Science Fiction (Oxford, 1982); revised ed. (Scarecrow Press, 1996), ISBN 0-8108-3129-5 – Hugo Award winner
The New Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, editor (Viking Press, 1988), 067081041X – Hugo finalist
The Science of Science-Fiction Writing (Scarecrow Press, 2000), ISBN 1578860113 – "reflects on the science fiction process and how to teach it"
Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction, by Matthew Candelaria and Gunn (Scarecrow Press, 2005)
Inside Science Fiction (Scarecrow Press, 2006)
Reading Science Fiction, by Gunn, Marleen S. Barr, and Matthew Candelaria (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008)
"Science fiction imagines the digital future", Analog 131:7&8 (Jul–Aug 2011), pp. 98–103
Nebula Award Stories 10 (Gollancz, 1975)
Gunn's other anthologies include The Road to Science Fiction, six volumes 1977 to 1998. The first four volumes, published by Mentor New American Library from 1977 to 1982, are organized chronologically and cover Gilgamesh to 1981 or "Forever" (volume 4, From Here to Forever). The last two volumes, published by White Wolf, Inc. in 1998, feature "The British Way" and "Around the World".1976 Science Fiction Research Association Pilgrim Award for lifetime achievement in science fiction scholarship
1976 Worldcon Special Award for Alternate Worlds: The Illustrated History of Science Fiction
1976 Locus Award for Associational Item, Alternate Worlds: The Illustrated History of Science Fiction
1983 Hugo Award for Best Non-Fiction Book, Isaac Asimov: The Foundations of Science Fiction
2007 Damon Knight Memorial Grand Master Award for lifetime achievement in science fiction and fantasy
2015 Inducted into the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame
Gunn's 1972 novel The Listeners was runner-up for the 1973 Campbell Memorial Award.