James Bowling Mozley (15 September 1813 – 4 January 1878) was an English theologian.
He was born at Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, the younger brother of Thomas Mozley, and was educated at Oueen Elizabeth's Grammar School (now Queen Elizabeth's High School, Gainsborough) and later Oriel College, Oxford.
Mozley was elected to a fellowship at Magdalen in 1840. He took an active part in the Oxford Movement. He said he could no more follow John Henry Newman, his brother-in-law, into the Roman communion "than fly." He was joint editor of the Christian Remembrancer. He withdrew from the position because of his substantial agreement with the famous Gorham decision.
Mozley was one of the earliest supporters of The Guardian, the High Church weekly. In 1856 he became vicar of Shoreham, in 1869 canon of Worcester, and in 1871 regius professor of divinity at Oxford.
He died at Shoreham on 4 January 1878.A Treatise on the Augustinian Doctrine of Predestination (1855)
The Primitive Doctrine of Baptismal Regeneration (1856)
A Review of the Baptismal Controversy (1862)
Subscription to the Articles: a Letter (1863)
Lectures on Miracles, being the Bampton Lectures for 1865
Ruling Ideas in Early Ages and their relation to the Old Testament Faith (1877)
Essays, Historical and Theological, appeared in 1878 (2 vols), with a biographical preface by his sister Anne, who also edited some of his Letters (1884).