|Name Ivica Matkovic|
|Died 1945, Celje, Slovenia|
Ivica Matković (1913 – 1945) was an Ustaša lieutenant colonel and the administrator of the Jasenovac concentration camp between January 1942 and March 1943, during World War II in Yugoslavia. During his tenure, most of the atrocities happened in the camp, and he was directly involved in the plannings and execution of those atrocities.
Arrival at Jasenovac
Born in Zlarin, Matković arrived at the camp as early as December 1941 as the deputy of Vjekoslav Luburić before a massacre which took place on 25 December 1941.
In January 1942, he was appointed "administrator" of the camp and Ljubo Miloš was his deputy, the commander. Miloš was aided by Father Miroslav Filipović, a Franciscan friar, who was chief guard, and Dominik "Hinko" Picilli and Tihomir Kordić. commanders of the labor force.
Under the command of Matković
Matković was infamous for being a refined and cold-blooded killer, who often amused himself by mocking his victims while killing them and prolonging their suffering.
The liquidations in the camp, previously held openly all around the camp grounds, were now organised in the form of systematic extermination: inmates had to pass selections and attend musters where inmates were hanged. Matković ordered Hinko Dominik Piccili to construct a crematorium. He would attend musters in the crematoria, and forced inmates to watch the hangings and not look away. He also initiated murder in Gradina, which would later become the main killing grounds of the complex.
Atrocities under Matković
Changes in the administration in March 1943
In March 1943, a division became imminent within the Ustase leadership. The direct influence over this debate was the loss of the Axis at Stalingrad. Some of the Ustase, led by Pavelić, wanted to slow down their policy of ethnic cleansing, in fear of losing to the Allies, while others, led by Eugen and Dido Kvaternik, sought to boost the rate of extermination. Eugen Kvaternik was replaced by Josip Crnković. On 19 March 1943, Matković was relieved of his command. His replacement, Ivica Brkljačić, a Roman Catholic priest of the Franciscan Order, was not due to arrive until 25 March. Matković celebrated off-duty with his fellows, by beating inmates roughly, wounding many and killing one. One of those who participated was Petar Brzica. Matković apparently remained in the camp.
Matković reportedly died in the Celje area of Slovenia in 1945 under circumstances which remain unclear. Some sources suggest he was executed by the Partisans.