Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Hypsochromic shift

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Hypsochromic shift (from ancient Greek ὕψος (upsos) "height"; and χρῶμα chrōma, "color") is a change of spectral band position in the absorption, reflectance, transmittance, or emission spectrum of a molecule to a shorter wavelength (higher frequency). Because the blue color in the visible spectrum has a shorter wavelength than most other colors, this effect is also commonly called a blue shift.

This can occur because of a change in environmental conditions: for example, a change in solvent polarity will result in solvatochromism. A series of structurally related molecules in a substitution series can also show a hypsochromic shift. Hypsochromic shift is a phenomenon seen in molecular spectra, not atomic spectra - it is thus more common to speak of the movement of the peaks in the spectrum rather than lines.

Δ λ = λ o b s e r v e d s t a t e 1 λ o b s e r v e d s t a t e 2 where λ is the wavelength of the spectral peak of interest and λ o b s e r v e d s t a t e 1 > λ o b s e r v e d s t a t e 2

For example, β-acylpyrrole will show a hypsochromic shift of 30-40 nm in comparison with α-acylpyrroles.

References

Hypsochromic shift Wikipedia


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