Harman Patil

Hilaria belangeri

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Poaceae
Rank  Species
Order  Poales
Genus  Hilaria
Hilaria belangeri Hilaria belangeri
Similar  Hilaria, Bouteloua hirsuta, Eragrostis intermedia, Pleuraphis mutica, Leptochloa dubia

Hilaria belangeri is a species of grass known by the common name curly-mesquite, sometimes written curlymesquite or curly mesquite. It is not related to mesquites, which are legumes. This grass is native to Mexico and the southwestern United States from Arizona to Texas.

Hilaria belangeri Hilaria belangeri

This perennial grass forms tufts of stems growing up to about 30 centimeters tall. It forms a sod. It spreads via stolons which extend along the ground and root to grow new tufts. The grass has been known to spread four meters in one season. This is the main method of reproduction in the plant because it is often sterile and rarely forms seeds. One of the two varieties, var. longifolia, does not form stolons, however.

Hilaria belangeri SEINet Arizona Chapter Hilaria belangeri

This grass grows in a number of southwestern habitat types, such as desert grasslands, woodlands, and shrubsteppe. It is a dominant species on some grasslands. It tolerates a wide variety of soils. It tolerates low levels of precipitation as it typical of deserts, but not necessarily drought, during which it goes dormant.

Hilaria belangeri httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

This is an important forage for animals in some local regions. In central and western Texas it is the main forage for cattle. Cattle find it very palatable. Wild ungulates such as pronghorn and deer graze upon it. The grass is tolerant of grazing pressure, and even overgrazing. In some areas it is productive early in the season, but most of its productivity occurs after summer rainfall.

Hilaria belangeri Hilaria belangeri Granite Seed and Erosion Control

The growth of this grass is inhibited by the introduced African plant resinbush (Euryops mulitifus).

Hilaria belangeri Hilaria belangeri Curly mesquite grass NPIN

References

Hilaria belangeri Wikipedia


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