Rahul Sharma

High Commission of South Africa, London

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Opened  1934
Architect  Herbert Baker
Phone  +44 20 7451 7299
High Commission of South Africa, London
Location  Trafalgar Square, London
Address  South Africa House, Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DP, UK
Hours  Closed today SaturdayClosedSundayClosedMonday8:45AM–12:45PMTuesday8:45AM–12:45PMWednesday8:45AM–12:45PMThursday8:45AM–12:45PMFriday8:45AM–12:45PM
Similar  Canada House, High Commission of Swazil, Embassy of Serbia - London, Embassy of Zimbabwe - London, Embassy of Switzerland - London
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The High Commission of South Africa in London is the diplomatic mission from South Africa to the United Kingdom. It is located at South Africa House, a building on Trafalgar Square, London. As well as containing the offices of the High Commissioner, the building also hosts the South African consulate. It has been a Grade II* Listed Building since 1982.

History

South Africa House was built by Holland, Hannen & Cubitts in the 1930s on the site of what had been Morley's Hotel until it was demolished in 1936. The building was designed by Sir Herbert Baker, with architectural sculpture by Coert Steynberg and Sir Charles Wheeler, and opened in 1933. The building was acquired by the government of South Africa as its main diplomatic presence in the UK. During World War II, Prime Minister Jan Smuts lived there while conducting South Africa's war plans.

In 1961, South Africa became a republic, and withdrew from the Commonwealth due to its policy of racial segregation. Accordingly, the building became an Embassy, rather than a High Commission. During the 1980s, the building, which was one of the only South African diplomatic missions in a public area, was targeted by protesters from around the world. During the 1990 Poll Tax Riots, the building was set alight by rioters, although not seriously damaged.

The first democratic elections in South Africa were held on the 27 April 1994, and on 31 May of that year, the country rejoined the Commonwealth, 33 years to the day after it withdrew on becoming a republic. Along with country's diplomatic missions in other Commonwealth countries, the mission once again became a High Commission.

Today, South Africa House is no longer a controversial site, and is the focal point of South African culture in the UK. Then President Nelson Mandela appeared on the balcony of South Africa House in 1995, as part of his official state visit. In 2001, Mandela again appeared on the balcony of South Africa House to mark the seventh anniversary of Freedom Day, when the system of Apartheid ended.

References

High Commission of South Africa, London Wikipedia


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