Hichem Chaabane (Arabic: هشام شعبان; born August 10, 1988 in Blida) is an Algerian professional road cyclist. He represented his nation Algeria at the 2008 Summer Olympics, and has currently competed for Vélo Club Sovac pro cycling team since 2012.
Riding for Team Konica Minolta–Bizhub, Chaabane qualified for the Algerian squad, as a 19-year-old teen, in the men's road race at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing by receiving a berth and finishing fourth from stage four of Giro del Capo in Cape Town, South Africa. Passing through the 161.2-km mark, Chabane could not achieve a best possible result with a severe fatigue under Beijing's intense heat and a lapped violation, as he failed to complete a grueling race against a vast field of nearly a hundred cyclists.
Chaabane signed an annual contract with MTN Cycling pro cycling team in 2009. On that same year, he and four other international cyclists were stabbed and injured on a house robbery in Potchefstroom, losing some cash, laptops, and five cellphones from their respective belongings. When MTN Cycling folded after the 2009 season, Chaabane was left with no contract, and ultimately decided to return to Algeria as a freelance agent. In 2010, Chaabane earned his first career title in road cycling for the under-23 division at the African Championships in Tunis, Tunisia.
When he joined with Vélo Club Sovac in 2012 under a bi-annual contract, Chaabane added two more titles for an elite level at the Tour de Blida and at the Algerian Road Championships in Mostaganem.
In April 2015, it was announced that Chaabane had tested positive for two undisclosed prohibited substances and was provisionally suspended from racing.