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Hersh Leib Sigheter

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Name  Hersh Sigheter

Died  1933
Hersh Leib Sigheter

Hersh Leib Sigheter (1844–1931 or 1933 or 1829–1930), pen name of Hersh (Hirsch) Leib Gotlieb גוטליב (or Gottlieb גאטטליעב) was a Hungarian Jew from today's Sighetu Marmaţiei, Romania (Hungarian: Sziget or Máramarossziget) who, even before the advent of what is generally considered to be professional Yiddish theater, wrote satirical Yiddish-language Purim plays on an annual basis and hired boys to play in them. Although often objected to by rabbis, these plays were popular, and were performed not only on Purim but for as much as a week afterwards in various locations.

Under his own name, Gottlieb was also a famous translator, journalist and editor of newspapers in Sziget and Kolomyia (now in the Ukraine). He founded what was effectively the first Hungarian weekly in Hebrew in 1878 in Sziget called "The Sun" השמש. As of 1887, after having been expelled by Rabbi Chananyah Yom Tov Lipa Teitelbaum of Sziget, he continued to publish it, in Kolomyia, alternating between the two names HaShemesh השמש and HaCharsah to avoid an Austrian tax on weekly newspapers. He also published from 1893 to 1913 his "Jüdische Volkszeitung" ייִדישע פאָלקסצייַטונג, Jewish People's Paper in Yiddish, from 1902 to 1914 his weeklies, Zion and Love of Zion (Ahavat Cion אהבת ציון, together with Elijahu Blank) a bilingual Hungarian-Yiddish official Zionist newspaper, as well as his monthly "Die Wahrheit" (The Truth) in Hebrew language in 1896. "Zion" is considered as the first Hungarian Zionist newspaper, which was sponsored by Theodor Herzl.

References

Hersh Leib Sigheter Wikipedia


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