Henri de Mondeville (c. 1260 – 1316), a medieval Frenchman, has been claimed as the "Father of French Surgery". There is some doubt about his birthplace, but it was most likely to have been either the village of Mandeville or Émondeville, both in Normandy.
He was trained in medicine in Paris and Montpellier, then in Italy with Theodoric Borgognoni, who had established a reputation for excellence in the treatment of wounds.
He was the surgeon to Philippe Le Bel (Philip the Fair) of France and his successor Louis X. He is the author of Cyrurgia (Surgery) (1312). This is but one of many European treatises on Surgery, the first being by Roger Frugard, who was eclipsed by the more famous Guy de Chauliac's Chirurgia magna. He died of pulmonary tuberculosis.
A biography, Guy de Chauliac and Henri de Mondeville,—A Surgical Retrospect, was written by James E. Pilcher and published by the Annals of Surgery in 1895.