Puneet Varma

Helicoprionidae

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  â€ Eugeneodontida
Higher classification  Eugeneodontida
Phylum  Chordata
Clade  â€ Edestoidea
Rank  Family
Helicoprionidae
Similar  Eugeneodontida, Helicoprion, Chondrichthyes, Chordate, Sarcoprion

The Helicoprionidae are an extinct, poorly known family of bizarre holocephalids within the poorly understood order Eugeneodontida. Members of the Helicoprionidae possessed a unique "tooth-whorl" on the symphysis of the lower jaw and pectoral fins supported by long radials. The closest living relatives of the Helicoprionidae and all other eugeneodontids are the ratfishes. The anatomy of the tooth-whorl differed amongst genus and species, some possessing complete spirals (such as those of Helicoprion), others possessing halved spirals (seen in Parahelicoprion), and some with wedged half-spirals (seen in Sarcoprion). Each tooth-whorl is thought to be adapted to a different type of prey, and a different predation strategy.

References

Helicoprionidae Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Chondrichthyes
Chordate
Eugeneodontida
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