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HMS Hussar (1894)

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Name  HMS Hussar
Commissioned  3 December 1896
Construction started  3 April 1893
Length  80 m
Displacement  970,700 kg
Builder  HMNB Devonport
Laid down  3 April 1893
Beam  30 ft 6 in (9.3 m)
Launched  3 July 1894
Weight  1,087 tons
Draft  4 m
HMS Hussar (1894) httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediaenthumbd
Fate  Sold for scrap in December 1920 Resold on 13 July 1921
Class and type  Dryad-class torpedo gunboat

HMS Hussar was a Dryad-class torpedo gunboat of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1894 and served in the Mediterranean between 1896 and 1905 before being used for fishery protection. During the Dardanelles campaign of 1915 her commanding officer and two of her ship's company won the Victoria Cross. She was broken up in 1921.

Contents

Design

Ordered under the Naval Defence Act of 1889, which established the "Two-Power Standard", the class was contemporary with the first torpedo boat destroyers. With a length overall of 262 ft 6 in (80.01 m), a beam of 30 ft 6 in (9.30 m) and a displacement of 1,070 tons, these torpedo gunboats were not small ships by the standard of the time; they were larger than the majority of World War I destroyers. Hussar was engined by Hawthorn Leslie and Company with two sets of vertical triple-expansion steam engines, two locomotive-type boilers, and twin screws. This layout produced 3,500 indicated horsepower (2,600 kW), giving her a speed of 18.2 knots (33.7 km/h). She carried between 100 and 160 tons of coal and was manned by 120 sailors and officers.

Armament

When built Hussar acquired a different armament from the rest of the class; she was fitted with one (instead of two) QF 4.7-inch (12 cm) gun, one (instead of four) 6-pounder guns and two additional 12-pounder guns. Her primary weapon was five 18-inch (450-mm) torpedo tubes, with two reloads. On conversion to a minesweeper in 1914 two of the five torpedo tubes were removed.

History

Hussar served on the Mediterranean Station between 1896 and 1905. Lieutenant and Commander Marcus Rowley Hill was appointed in command on 11 April 1899. In early February 1900 she left Malta homeward bound, and later that month arrived at Devonport, before she paid off at Portsmouth. She was re-commissioned by Lieutenant and Commander Adolphus Huddlestone Williamson on 12 March, and returned to the Mediterranean. In June 1902 she visited Alexandria.

Yacht to the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean

In 1907 Hussar had her armament removed and was converted to become the yacht and despatch vessel for the Royal Navy's Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean.

Fitted as a minesweeper

In 1914 she was adapted as a minesweeper, which was the fate of many such torpedo gunboats.

Dardanelles (1915)

In February 1915, Commander Edward Unwin took command of the Hussar. For the landing at Cape Helles, 25 April 1915, Unwin took command of the SS River Clyde. Unwin won the Victoria Cross for his actions during the landing, as did two of his crew from the Hussar who were also on the River Clyde, Able Seaman William Williams and Seaman George Samson.

Disposal

Hussar was initially sold in December 1920, but was resold on 13 July 1921 to L Gatt, of Malta for breaking up.

References

HMS Hussar (1894) Wikipedia


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