HMS Calliope was a Cherokee-class 10-gun brig of the Royal Navy, launched in 1808.
On 5 January 1809 Calliope was in company with Pigeon off Kingsgate Point near Margate. That evening the two vessels were off Flushing when a heavy gale and snowstorm part the two vessels. Pigeon grounded and was lost, though almost her entire crew survived.
Calliope served during the War of 1812 under the command of Alexander Maconochie.
On 23 May 1813 Calliope was in company with Urgent, Drake, Hearty, and the hired armed cutter Princess Augusta when they captured the Danish vessels Jonge Greenwoldt, Hoffnung 1 and 2, and another vessel, name unknown.
On 10 July 1813 Calliope was part of a squadron that captured eight small vessels in the Elbe and Weser. The squadron included Desiree, Brev Drageren, Shamrock, Thrasher, Princess Augusta, and gunboats.
On 27 October Calliope was under the command of Commander John M'Kerlie, and in company with Thrasher. The shared in the proceeds of the capture on that day of Frou Magaretha.
Calliope was one of the Royal Navy vessels that participated in the battle of Lake Borgne in 1814.