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Grigor Parlichev

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Native name  Grigor P'rlichev
Role  Writer
Language  Bulgarian
Books  O Armatolos
Ethnicity  Buglarian
Children  Cyril Parlichev
Name  Grigor Parlichev

Grigor Parlichev httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Pen name  Γρηγόρης Σταυρίδης (for his Greek works)
Occupation  poet, writer, teacher, public figure
Notable works  Ο Αρματωλός Σκεντέρμπεης 1762 leto Autobiography
Died  January 25, 1893, Ohrid, Macedonia (FYROM)
Period  Bulgarian National Revival

Grigor Stavrev Parlichev (also spelled Prlichev, Parlitcheff or Prličev; Bulgarian: Григор Ставрев Пърличев, Greek: Γρηγόριος Σταυρίδης, Grigorios Stavrides, Macedonian: Григор Прличев) was a Bulgarian writer and translator. He was born January 18, 1830 in Ohrid, Ottoman Empire and died in the same town January 25, 1893. Although he thought of himself as a Bulgarian, presently he is considered an ethnic Macedonian in the Republic of Macedonia.


Parlichev studied in a Greek school in Macedonia. In the 1850s he worked as a teacher of Greek in the towns of Tirana, Prilep and Ohrid. In 1858 Parlichev started studying medicine in Athens but transferred to the Faculty of Linguistics in 1860. The same year Parlichev took part in the annual poetic competition in Athens winning first prize for his poem "O Armatolos" (Ο Αρματωλός, in Bulgarian "The Serdar"), written in Greek. Acclaimed as "second Homer", he was offered scholarships to the universities at Oxford and Berlin. At that time he was pretending to be a Greek, but the public opinion in Athens emphasized his non-Greek origin. Disappointed Parlichev declined offered scholarships and returned to Ohrid in the next year.

In 1862 Parlichev joined the struggle for independent Bulgarian church and schools, though he continued to teach Greek. After spending some time in Constantinople in 1868 acquainting himself with Church Slavonic literature, he returned to Ohrid where he advocated the substitution of Greek with Bulgarian in the town's schools and churches. The same year Parlichev was arrested and spent several months in an Ottoman jail after a complaint was sent by the Greek bishop of Ohrid. At that time he began to study of standard Bulgarian, or, as he called it himself, the Slavonic language. From this time until his death Parlichev continued writing only in Bulgarian.

From 1869 Parlichev taught Bulgarian in several towns across Ottoman Empire, including Struga, Gabrovo, Bitola, Ohrid and Thessaloniki. He initiated the creation of the Bulgarian Men's High School of Thessaloniki. In 1870 Parlichev translated his award-winning poem "The Serdar" into Bulgarian in an attempt to popularize his earlier works, which were written in Greek, among the Bulgarian audience. He also wrote another poem "Skenderbeg". Parlichev was the first Bulgarian translator of Homer's Iliad in 1871, though critics were highly critical of his language. Parlichev used a specific mixture of Church Slavonic and his native Ohrid dialect, quite different from then Bulgarian, that was in process of standardization on the basis of its Eastern dialects. He is therefore also regarded as a founding figure of the literature of the later standardized Macedonian language. He published also a number of newspaper articles and an autobiography (1884).

Parlichev's son Cyril Parlichev was also a prominent member of the revolutionary movement in Macedonia and a Bulgarian public figure.


Grigor Parlichev Wikipedia

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