Last election 20 November 2016
|Captains Regent Marino Riccardi (PSD)
Fabio Berardi (PDCS)
Since 1 October 2016|
Political groups Government (35) Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party (21) Party of Socialists and Democrats (10) Popular Alliance (4) Opposition (25) Socialist Party (7) Union for the Republic (5) United Left (5) Civic 10 (4) RETE Movement (4)
The Grand and General Council (Italian: Consiglio Grande e Generale) is the parliament of San Marino. The council has 60 members elected for a five-year term.
The country's electoral law is based on the electoral system of Italian municipalities. Between 1945 and 2007, San Marino used proportional representation. A majority of at least 35 seats is given to the winning coalition of parties which receives an absolute majority of votes at the first or the eventual second round of elections. Within single coalitions, seats are divided between the parties using a D'Hondt system. A 3.5% threshold exists, together with guarantees for female candidates.
The Council appoints from among its members the Congress of State, which is the executive branch of the government, and the Captains Regents, who serve as the heads of state.
The Council is the equivalent of the Roman Senate during the Roman Republic.