Graeme William Walter Barker, CBE, FBA (born 23 October 1946) is a British archaeologist, notable for his work on the Italian Bronze Age, the Roman occupation of Libya, and landscape archaeology.
Barker was educated at St John's College, Cambridge. He began lecturing in archaeology at the University of Sheffield in 1972, moving to become Director of the British School at Rome in 1984.
In 1988 he was appointed Professor of Archaeology in the Department of Archaeology at the University of Leicester, which became the School of Archaeological Studies in 1990 and the School of Archaeology and Ancient History in 2001. Barker was elected to the Disney Professorship of Archaeology at the University of Cambridge in 2004, and is a fellow of St John's College. He retired from the Disney chair at the end of September 2014.
In April 2015, he and his team announced the discovery of neanderthal skeletons in the Shanidar Cave located north of Erbil.
In 2005 Barker was, with Israel Finkelstein, joint winner of the Dan David Prize. He was elected Fellow of the British Academy (FBA) in 1999.
He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2015 New Year Honours for services to archaeology.