Goodland was laid out in 1861. The town was named from the quality of its soil. A post office has been in operation at Goodland since 1861.
The Goodland-Grant Township Public Library and McCairn-Turner House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Goodland is located at 40°45′52″N 87°17′42″W (40.764369, -87.294956).
According to the 2010 census, Goodland has a total area of 0.78 square miles (2.02 km2), all land.
The Kentland crater, a probable meteorite impact crater, is located between Goodland and Kentland.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,043 people, 426 households, and 276 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,337.2 inhabitants per square mile (516.3/km2). There were 469 housing units at an average density of 601.3 per square mile (232.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.5% White, 0.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
There were 426 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.2% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.
The median age in the town was 42.3 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 30.1% were from 45 to 64; and 16.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,096 people, 434 households, and 291 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,397.1 people per square mile (542.5/km²). There were 476 housing units at an average density of 606.8 per square mile (235.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.27% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.
There were 434 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,952, and the median income for a family was $41,875. Males had a median income of $30,292 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,715. About 3.5% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.Eddie Condon, jazz musician and bandleader
Ralph S. Johnson, aviator and former member of the Wyoming House of Representatives
Joe McConnell, sportscaster
Marty Ravellette, armless hero