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Kingdom  Animalia
Phylum  Chordata
Rank  Family
Scientific name  Gonorynchidae
Higher classification  Gonorynchiformes
Order  Gonorynchiformes
Gonorynchus fishesofaustralianetauImagesImageGonorynchusG
Genus  Gonorynchus Scopoli ex Gronow, 1777
Lower classifications  Gonorynchus gonorynchus, Gonorynchus

The Gonorynchidae are a family of long thin gonorynchiform ray-finned fish, commonly called beaked salmon or beaked sandfish that live on sandy bottoms near shorelines. About five known species are placed in the single genus Gonorynchus. All have a distinctive angular snout (hence the name) that the fish use to dig themselves into the sand.

The most widespread species is Gonorynchus gonorynchus, found in scattered locations worldwide. It can reach up to 60 cm (24 in) in length. It is a nocturnal fish, feeding on invertebrates at night and burrowing into sand or mud during the day.

Beaked salmon are fished commercially in some areas. The flesh of Gonorynchus greyi, found around Australia and New Zealand, is reported to be "firm and of good flavour".


  • Gonorynchus abbreviatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
  • Gonorynchus forsteri J. D. Ogilby, 1911
  • Gonorynchus gonorynchus (Linnaeus, 1766)
  • Gonorynchus greyi (J. Richardson, 1845)
  • Gonorynchus moseleyi D. S. Jordan & Snyder, 1923
  • References

    Gonorynchus Wikipedia

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