| Hip hop|
The Record Plant
Dexter Raymond Mills, Jr.
"Gone" is a song by American hip hop artist Kanye West from his second solo studio album Late Registration. Produced by West and featuring guest vocals from Cam'ron and Consequence, the track contains samples of "It's Too Late" as performed by Otis Redding.
The song gained newfound fame in 2013 when a woman quit her job and created a video featuring interpretative dance set to the song. The clip, which went viral and received millions of views, led "Gone" to debut within the top 20 of the Billboard Hot 100 eight years following its release.
Gone (Kanye West song) Wikipedia
"Gone" was written by Kanye West, Dexter Raymond Mills, Jr., Cameron Giles and Harold Willis. It was recorded at The Record Plant in Hollywood, California and mixed at Chalice Recording Studios in Hollywood.
The song contains some of the most elaborate orchestral arrangement expressed on Late Registration. The composition begins with a vocal sample of "It's Too Late" by Otis Redding and a two-chord piano ostinato, followed by a simplistic funk beat (supplied by drums which were sampled from the Joe Farrell song "Upon This Rock"). As the song progresses, its structure gradually morphs and develops more and more musicality. Over time, the composition assumes ten violins, four violas and four cellos in the midst of verses, all of which initially come in brief staccato bursts that simply punctuate the rhythm but eventually expand and consolidate into a fully formed string section by the arrival of the harmonic choruses. After its third verse, the song enters an instrumental passage before returning with a fourth and final verse from West, where the rise and fall of his voice is emulated by the fluctuation of the string orchestra.
Contemporary music critics were positive in their assessments of "Gone" upon its appearance on Late Registration in 2005. Spin singled out "Gone" as the best track on Late Registration, while praising Cam'ron's "blistering" verse; Pitchfork Media was similar in their appraisal of Cam'ron's performance: "the ineffable Cam'Ron [...] continues his magical run with savant-like witticisms on 'Gone.'" Josh Tyrangiel of Time praised West's storytelling ability and appreciated his musicality, stating "one listen to 'Gone', built around an Otis Redding sample and some ecstatic string arrangements, and you might be persuaded that West is as good as he thinks he is."
2013 viral video
In September 2013, Marina Shifrin, an overworked video editor for Taiwanese animator, Next Media Animation, decided to quit her job and created a video of her dancing to "Gone" in her deserted office at 4:30am. "My boss only cares about quantity and how many views each video gets," she said in scrolling text over the clip, representing the media industry’s larger challenge to find the right balance between producing great stories and scoring lots of page views.
The video's views soared, and as a result, U.S. digital sales of "Gone" spiked from minuscule levels in the previous week to 9,000, leading the eight-year-old track to debut at number 18 on the Billboard Hot 100. Overall usage of "Gone" across YouTube pulled in 6.2 million U.S. streams for the song, according to Nielsen BDS, enough to send the title onto the Streaming Songs chart at number four. "Gone" concurrently debuted on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs at No. 6 and Rap Songs at No. 4.
Information taken from Late Registration liner notes.Songwriters: Kanye West, Dexter Raymond Mills, Jr., Cameron Giles, Harold Willis
Producers: Kanye West
Recorders: Anthony Kilhoffer
Mixer: Andrew Dawson
Assistant Engineers: Richard Reitz, Taylor Dow
Strings Recorder: Tom Biller
String Arrangements: Jon Brion
String Orchestrations: Eric Gorfain
Violins: Eric Gorfain, Daphne Chen, Victoria Lanier, Julie Rogers, Alyssa Park, Audrey Solomon, Terry Glenny, Susan Chatman, Marisa Kuney, Amy Wickman
Viola: Marda Todd, Piotr Jandule, Tom Tally, David Sage
Cello: Richard Dodd, Matt Cooker, Armen Ksajikian, Victor Lawrence