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Follicle (fruit)

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Follicle (fruit) Flowers and Fruits 7 Multiseeded Dry Fruits
Similar  Compound fruit, Drupe, Hesperidium, Accessory fruit, Infructescence

Fruits


In botany, a follicle is a dry unilocular fruit formed from one carpel, containing two or more seeds. It is usually defined as dehiscing by a suture in order to release seeds, for example in Consolida (some of the larkspurs), peony and milkweed (Asclepias).

Follicle (fruit) Arboretum Images 6c

Some difficult cases exist however, so that the term indehiscent follicle is sometimes used, for example with the genus Filipendula, which has indehiscent fruits that could be considered intermediate between a (dehiscent) follicle and an (indehiscent) achene.

Follicle (fruit) Flowers and Fruits 7 Multiseeded Dry Fruits

An aggregate fruit that consists of follicles may be called a follicetum. Examples include hellebore, aconite, Delphinium, Aquilegia or the family Crassulaceae, where several follicles occur in a whorl on a shortened receptacle, or Magnolia, which has many follicles arranged in a spiral on an elongated receptacle.

Follicle (fruit) wwwnamethatplantnetImagesImagesFiregn1gn10m

The follicles of some species dehisce by the ventral suture (as in Banksia), or by the dorsal suture (as in Magnolia).

Follicle (fruit) Simple dry fruits

References

Follicle (fruit) Wikipedia


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