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Eudocima homaena

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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  Erebidae
Genus  Eudocima
Phylum  Arthropoda
Order  Butterflies and moths
Class  Insecta
Tribe  Ophiderini
Scientific name  Eudocima homaena
Rank  Species
Eudocima homaena httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsbb
Similar  Vandana, Eudocima phalonia, Butterflies and moths, Othreis, Eudocima salaminia

Eudocima homaena is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is found in the Indian subregion, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Nicobars, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, the Philippines and on Christmas Island. It is a major pest on orange plants.

Description

Wingspan about 80mm. Palpi with third joint long and spatulate at extremity. Fore wings with apex not produced. Outer margin rounded. Fore wings with non-crenulate cilia. Male has fulvous brown head and thorax. The collar, metathoracic tufts and tibia with an orange tinge. Head and collar with a purple bloom. Abdomen orange. Fore wings olive green, suffused with purplish red-brown and striated with rufous. Dark sub-basal and antemedial lines and slightly curved postmedial line present. There are traces of some waved medial lines. An indistinct reniform stigma and dentate sub-marginal line can be seen. Hind wings orange, with large black lunule beyond lower angle of cell. A submarginal band with waved edges runs from costa to vein 2. Ventral side of fore wings with orange postmedial band.

Female has much darker fore wings, with deep purple and chocolate tones. A broad verditer-green fascia found below the cell, sending bars to inner margin near base and outer angle, and conjoined to the green reniform spot.

Larva purplish brown with many blue specks and large yellow patch on 3rd, 4th and 5th somites. Fourth and fifth somites form ocellu with yellow iris and azure-blue black edged pupil. Somites 8 and 9 with irregular yellow patches. A dorsal tubercle found on 11th somite. Pupa orange colored, roughened and burnished. The larvae feed on Achyranthes, Cocculus, Cyclea peltata, Menispermum and Tiliacora species.

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  • References

    Eudocima homaena Wikipedia


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