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Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe Hildburghausen

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Reign  1715–1724
Successor  Ernest Frederick II
House  Saxe-Hildburghausen
Predecessor  Ernest
Name  Ernest I,
Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Born  21 August 1681 Gotha (1681-08-21)
Issue among others...  Ernest Frederick II Prince Ludwig Frederick Elisabeth Albertine, Princess of Mirow
Father  Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Mother  Countess Sophie Henriette of Waldeck
Died  March 9, 1724, Hildburghausen, Germany
Spouse  Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach (m. 1704–1724)
Children  Ernst Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Parents  Countess Sophie Henriette of Waldeck, Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Similar People  Princess Elisabeth Albertine, Duke Charles Louis Fre, Ernest I - Duke of Saxe‑Gotha, Charlotte of Mecklenburg‑Strelitz

Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (Gotha, 21 August 1681 – Hildburghausen, 9 March 1724), was a duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.

He was the eldest son of Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Countess Sophie Henriette of Waldeck.

During his youth he served on the Netherlands in the imperial military army, during which he was wounded in the Spanish Succession War at Hochstadt; in 1715 he left the Army after the death of his father, and assumed the government of the duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen.

He wanted, like many German princes, to repeat the splendor of the court of the King Louis XIV of France in his own duchy; but this was the cause of his financial ruin.

Constantly in need of money, he levied taxes and sold towns. Among them was the county of Cuylenburg, the dowry of his wife. The county was sold in 1720 to the General States, not for the repayment of the debts but to build in his palace a garden connected with a channel. Likewise, in 1723 the office was finally sold to the duchy of Saxe-Meiningen. But the sale, without the assent of his wife was illegal, and this led to a war with Saxe-Meiningen. The county was occupied with troops of both duchies and at the end of the war all of the county was devastated and ruined.

Because of his intolerable fiscal charges, in 1717 an open revolt developed in the duchy.

Marriage and issue

In Erbach on 4 February 1704, Ernest Frederick married Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach. They had fourteen children:

  1. Ernest Louis Hollandinus (b. Hildburghausen, 24 November 1704 – d. Hildburghausen, 26 November 1704).
  2. Sophie Amalie Elisabeth (b. Hildburghausen, 5 October 1705 – d. Hildburghausen, 28 February 1708).
  3. Ernest Louis (b. Hildburghausen, 6 February 1707 – d. Hildburghausen, 17 April 1707).
  4. Ernest Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (b. Hildburghausen, 17 December 1707 – d. Hildburghausen, 13 August 1745).
  5. Frederick August (b. Hildburghausen, 8 May 1709 – d. Hildburghausen, 4 March 1710).
  6. Louis Frederick (b. Hildburghausen, 11 September 1710 – d. Nimwegen, 10 June 1759), married on 4 May 1749 to Christine Luise von Holstein-Plon. This marriage was childless.
  7. Stillborn daughter (Hildburghausen, 2 August 1711).
  8. Stillborn daughter (Hildburghausen, 24 August 1712).
  9. Elisabeth Albertine (b. Hildburghausen, 3 August 1713 – d. Neustrelitz, 29 June 1761), married on 5 May 1735 to Karl Ludwig Frederick of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Herr of Mirow.
  10. Emanuel Frederick Charles (b. Hildburghausen, 26 March 1715 – d. Hildburghausen, 29 June 1718).
  11. Elisabeth Sophie (b. Hildburghausen, 13 September 1717 – d. Hildburghausen, 14 October 1717).
  12. Stillborn daughter (Hildburghausen, 17 March 1719).
  13. George Frederick William (b. Hildburghausen, 15 July 1720 – d. Hildburghausen, 10 April 1721).
  14. Stillborn son (Hildburghausen, 15 December 1721).


Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen Wikipedia

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