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Ermengard of Italy

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Name  Ermengard Italy
Parents  Louis II of Italy
Children  Louis the Blind

Ermengard of Italy
Died  June 2, 896 AD, Vienne, France
Spouse  Boso of Provence (m. 876 AD)
Grandchildren  Charles Constantine of Vienne
Cousins  Bertha, daughter of Lothair II
Similar People  Louis II of Italy, Richilde of Provence, Lothair I, Leo VI the Wise

Ermengard of Italy, also Ermengarda, Ermengarde, or Irmingard (852/855 – 897) was a queen and regent of Provence. She was the only surviving daughter of Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor.


Born in around 852 or 855, in the reign of her grandfather Lothair I, she was the daughter of Louis II , was the eldest son and co-emperor of Lothair I. In 855, when she was 3, Emperor Lothair I died at the age of 60, and her father became Holy Roman Emperor. One could assume she was privileged as daughter of the emperor, who would rule for 20 years, Shing in 875 when Ermengard was a young woman at 23.

In 876, aged 24, which was also the year her great uncle Louis the German died at the advanced age of 72, she married Boso, a Frankish nobleman of similar age coming from the Bosonid family who was related to the Carolingian dynasty and who rose to become King of Lower Burgundy and Provence in 879.

In May 878, she and her husband sheltered Pope John VIII, who was taking refuge from the Saracens, in Arles. After her husband's coup d'état in October 879, she helped defend his cities from her Carolingian relatives. In 880, she successfully defended Vienne itself, the capital, from the combined forces of Charles the Fat and the co-ruling kings of France, Louis III and Carloman. In August 881, the newly crowned Emperor Charles the Fat pillaged and burned Vienne, forcing Ermengard and her children to take refuge in Autun with her brother-in-law Richard, Duke of Burgundy. Meanwhile, Boso fled into Provence.

On Boso's death in January 887, the Provençal barons elected Ermengard to act as his regent, with the support of Richard. In May, Ermengard travelled with her son Louis to the court of Charles the Fat, and received his recognition of the young Louis as king. Charles adopted Louis as his son and put both mother and son under his protection. In May 889, she travelled to Charles' successor, Arnulf, to make submission anew.

Through her marriage to Boso, it is thought that Ermengard had two daughters and a son These were:

  • Ermengarde/Ermengard (c. 877-April 12, 935), married Manasses I the Old, Count of Chalons-sur-Seine (Chalon-sur-Saône?); her mother is reported to have been Ermengard
  • Engelberge/Ethelberga, married firstly Carloman II, secondly William the Pious; her mother is reported to have been Ermengard
  • Louis the Blind (before 884-Jun3 5, 928), was betrothed to, and had a relationship with but possibly never married Anna/Eudocia Mamikonian, the illigitiate daughter of Zoe Zaoutzaina by Constantine VII. Later, he married Adelaide of Burgundy, the daughter of Rudolph I of Burgundy and his half-sister Guilla of Provence.
  • Ermengard died on 2 June 896 in Vienne, then part of the Frankish Empire, and was buried in the town's first Cathedral of Saint-Maurice. Her husband had been buried in the same cathedral in 887.


    Ermengard of Italy Wikipedia

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