Ephraim Lipson, or E. Lipson (1 September 1888, Sheffield – 22 April 1960) was a British economic historian.
The son of a Jewish furniture dealer, Lipson attended Sheffield Royal Grammar School followed by Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated with a First class degree in History.
He taught at Oxford University (as private tutor, independent researcher) Cambridge University (1921–1931), Boston University (1932–1933), University of California (1933–).editor of the "Economic History Review" (1921–1934) (with Richard Henry Tawney (1880–1962), Michael Moïssey Postan (1899–1981), H. J. Habbakuk, Economic History Society)
The economic history of England, 3 Vols., 1915–1931
Europe in the nineteenth century, 1916
The history of the English woollen and worsted industries, 1921
Increased production, 1921
The inventions, 1934
A planned economy and free enterprise, 1944