Ephestia is a genus of small moths belonging to the family Pyralidae. Some Species are significant pests of dry plant produce, such as seeds and cereals. Best known among these are probably the cacao moth (E. elutella) and the Mediterranean flour moth (E. kuehniella).
The genus Cadra is closely related to Ephestia and might be a junior synonym. Several of these moths are variously assigned to one or the other genus, in particular in non-entomological sources.
Species of Ephestia include:Ephestia abnormalella Ragonot, 1887Ephestia animella K.Nupponen & Junnilainen, 1998Ephestia callidella Guenée, 1845Ephestia calycoptila Meyrick, 1935Ephestia columbiella Neunzig, 1990Ephestia cypriusella Roesler, 1965Ephestia disparella Hampson, 1901Ephestia elutella (Hübner, 1796) – cacao moth, tobacco moth, warehouse mothEphestia inquietella Zerny, 1932Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller, 1879) – Mediterranean flour moth, Indian flour moth, mill mothEphestia laetella Rebel, 1907Ephestia mistralella (Millière, 1874)Ephestia parasitella Staudinger, 1859Ephestia rectivitella Ragonot, 1901Ephestia subelutellum (Ragonot, 1901)Ephestia unicolorella Staudinger, 1881Ephestia welseriella (Zeller, 1848)