Rahul Sharma

Enneacanthus gloriosus

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Kingdom  Animalia
Class  Actinopterygii
Family  Centrarchidae
Rank  Species
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Perciformes
Genus  Enneacanthus
Enneacanthus gloriosus httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons77
Similar  Enneacanthus, Banded sunfish, Enneacanthus chaetodon, Mud sunfish, Dollar sunfish

Enneacanthus gloriosus aquarium fish


Enneacanthus gloriosus is a species of fish in the family Centrarchidae, the sunfishes, known by the common name blue-spotted sunfish. It is native to the southeastern and eastern United States, its distribution extending as far north as New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and far southern New York. It is native throughout most of its range, but some populations represent introductions, such as those in Lake Ontario and the upper Susquehanna River system.

Contents

Enneacanthus gloriosus Enneacanthus gloriosus Fishes of North Carolina

This fish reaches about 9.5 centimetres (3.7 in) in maximum length. It is one of the smallest fish in its family. It has spines in its dorsal and anal fins. Its tail fin is rounded in outline. Its body is covered in white or blue dots. Some individuals have iridescent spots. There may be a few pale bars on its sides, but these are rare, especially in adults.

Enneacanthus gloriosus Enneacanthus gloriosus Bluespotted sunfish

Several aspects of the life history of the fish vary geographically. Fish on the East Coast and in Florida are larger than individuals in Mississippi, for example. The fish becomes sexually mature at larger sizes in more northern latitudes. This may be because fish in milder climates can begin reproductive investment earlier, putting their energy into gonadal growth instead of body growth at younger ages. Fish in the east can reach a maximum age around 5 years, but fish in the south generally do not reach that age. The spawning season is also much longer in southern regions, probably because of warmer temperatures and longer photoperiod.

Enneacanthus gloriosus Bluespotted Sunfish Enneacanthus gloriosus

This freshwater fish occupies ponds, lakes, creeks, streams, and medium-sized rivers. It can tolerate slightly brackish water in areas near the coast. It thrives in small backwaters filled with vegetation and tree roots.

Enneacanthus gloriosus AquaBidcom Archived Auction fwusnative1364078683 Blue Spotted

The fish spawns several times in a season, sometimes daily for a long period of time. The male builds a nest in the substrate or in plant matter. Clutch sizes of 42 to 216 have been observed.

Enneacanthus gloriosus FileEnneacanthus gloriosus 1jpg Wikimedia Commons

The diet of the fish is rich in plankton. It consumes cyclopoid copepods, water fleas, midge larvae, ostracods, amphipods, and snails. Its preference for tiny aquatic larvae makes it a suitable mosquito control agent.

Enneacanthus gloriosus Jonah39s Aquarium Enneacanthus gloriosus bluespotted sunfish

In many areas, this fish is sympatric with a closely related member of its genus, the banded sunfish (E. obesus). The two species are hard to tell apart. They are known to hybridize.

A number of parasitic flatworms have been observed in this fish, such as Gyrodactylus gloriosi and several Urocleidus species.

This species is sometimes kept as an aquarium pet.

Enneacanthus gloriosus


References

Enneacanthus gloriosus Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Banded sunfish
Dollar sunfish
Enneacanthus
Topics