Known also as " Grand Encampment", this town along the Colorado-Wyoming border was, at the turn of the twentieth century, a booming center of copper mining and smelting. At one point a sixteen-mile tramway was built to carry copper ore from the mountains into the town for smelting. This steam powered tramway was, at the time, the longest in the world. A sharp drop in copper prices and disastrous fires drove the mining company into bankruptcy. Mining operations ceased in the early twentieth century. A large sawmill operated in the town between 1950 and 1998.
The Grand Encampment Museum is located in Encampment. It highlights the copper mining, ranching, logging history in the area. It includes over 15 historic buildings and thousands of interesting objects. A research library is located in the main gallery, the Doc Culleton Interpretive Center. This museum may be located in a small community, but it is well known in Wyoming as one of the best history museums.
Encampment is located at 41°12′30″N 106°47′28″W (41.208216, -106.791215).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.60 square miles (4.14 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 450 people, 227 households, and 128 families residing in the town. The population density was 281.3 inhabitants per square mile (108.6/km2). There were 371 housing units at an average density of 231.9 per square mile (89.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.1% White, 0.7% Native American, 0.7% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.
There were 227 households of which 18.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.6% were non-families. 39.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.98 and the average family size was 2.63.
The median age in the town was 51.6 years. 17.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.1% were from 25 to 44; 38.1% were from 45 to 64; and 23.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 53.1% male and 46.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 443 people, 209 households, and 137 families residing in the town. The population density was 277.1 people per square mile (106.9/km²). There were 336 housing units at an average density of 210.2 per square mile (81.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.52% White, 0.45% Native American, 0.68% Asian, and 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.
There were 209 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 2.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.64.
In the town, the population was spread out with 19.0% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 36.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 115.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $29,444, and the median income for a family was $37,083. Males had a median income of $36,786 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,632. About 9.1% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.
Public education in the town of Encampment is provided by Carbon County School District #2. Encampment School , a K-12 campus, serves the town.