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Empress Xiaoshencheng

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Tenure  1822–1833
Spouse  Daoguang Emperor
Issue  State Princess Duanmin
Successor  Empress Xiaoquancheng

Dynasty  Aisin Gioro
Predecessor  Empress Xiaoherui
Name  Empress Xiaoshencheng
Children  State Princess Duanmin
Empress Xiaoshencheng
Father  Tunggiya Shuminge (佟佳舒明阿)
Died  1833, Forbidden City, Beijing, China
Place of burial  Western Qing tombs, Baoding, China
Similar People  Daoguang Emperor, Xianfeng Emperor, Jiaqing Emperor, Prince Gong, Yicong

Empress Xiaoshencheng (1790 – 29 April 1833) was the first Empress Consort of the Daoguang Emperor of the Qing dynasty.

Life

Empress Xiaoshencheng was born in the Manchu Tunggiya clan, which was under the Bordered Yellow Banner. Her personal name is unknown. Her ancestor was Tong Tulai (佟圖賴; 1606–1658), the maternal grandfather of the Kangxi Emperor. Her father, Shuming'a (舒明阿), inherited the title of a third class cheng'en duke and was posthumously honoured as a first class duke.

Lady Tunggiya became a secondary consort of Mianning, the second son of the Jiaqing Emperor, in 1803. In 1808, following the death of Lady Niohuru, she was promoted to replace Lady Niohuru as Mianning's primary consort. She bore Mianning his first daughter in 1813 but their daughter died prematurely in 1819.

In 1820, the Jiaqing Emperor died and was succeeded by Mianning, who was enthroned as the Daoguang Emperor. A year later, the Daoguang Emperor granted Lady Tunggiya's brother, Yukuan (裕寬), the title of a first class cheng'en marquis. When the mourning period for the Jiaqing Emperor was over, the Daoguang Emperor officially instated Lady Tunggiya as his Empress in 1822. As Empress, Lady Tunggiya was placed in charge of the emperor's harem. She died in 1833 and was interred in the Muling Mausoleum at the Western Qing tombs.

References

Empress Xiaoshencheng Wikipedia


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