Puneet Varma (Editor)


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Originally published  1495
Playwright  Peter van Diest
Elckerlijc Elckerlijc onbekend Lezen voor de Lijst
Similar  Everyman, Lanseloet van Denemerken, Mankind, The Castle of Perseverance, Gloriant

Elckerlijc (also known as Elckerlyc) is a morality play from the Low Countries which was written in Dutch somewhere around the year 1470. It was first printed in 1495. The play was extremely successful and may have been the original source for the English play Everyman, as well as many other translations for other countries. The authorship of Elckerlijc is attributed to Peter van Diest, a medieval writer from the Low Countries.

Elckerlijc Elckerlijc Koninklijke Bibliotheek

The play won the first prize in a theater contest in Brabant; it is uncertain whether it won at the Antwerp Landjuweel in 1496. As a morality play, it stresses the didactic message. It uses allegory of the hero as an "everyman" (a typical human person) and is written in moderately elevated Rederijker style.

Elckerlijc Elckerlijc ca 1525

Dutch and English historians argued for decades over whether the English play Everyman was based on Elckerlijc (or vice versa). The most convincing evidence that Elckerlijc was the original was provided by the English historian E.R. Tigg, who showed how many rhymes and literal translations were copied from the Dutch-language play into the English Everyman. On the other hand, it is perfectly credible that an English translator should have added a rhyming tag to each of a pair of words that rhyme in Dutch but not in English. The prevalent view is that the Dutch-language version was the original.

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Translations and adaptations

Elckerlijc literatuurgeschiedenisnl de middeleeuwen
  • Everyman, in English (16th century)
  • Homulus, translation in Latin (1536) by Christianus Ischyrius
  • Hecastus, adaptation in Latin (1536) by Macropedius
  • Jedermann (1911), Hugo von Hofmannsthal's German adaptation of Everyman
  • Elckerlyc, 1975 film directed by Jos Stelling

  • Elckerlijc Elckerlijc ca 1525
    Elckerlijc literatuurgeschiedenisnl de middeleeuwen
    Elckerlijc Elckerlijc BoekenPlatformnl


    Elckerlijc Wikipedia

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    The Castle of Perseverance