Harman Patil (Editor)

Eckington, Derbyshire

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OS grid reference
  
SK434749

Country
  
England

Post town
  
SHEFFIELD

Local time
  
Friday 10:22 PM

Dialling code
  
01246

Region
  
East Midlands

Sovereign state
  
United Kingdom

Shire county
  
Derbyshire

District
  
North East Derbyshire

UK parliament constituency
  
North East Derbyshire

Eckington, Derbyshire httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Population
  
11,152 (civil parish, 2001)

Weather
  
10°C, Wind S at 13 km/h, 91% Humidity

Eckington is a town in North East Derbyshire, 7 miles (11 km) northeast of Chesterfield and 8.5 miles (14 km) southeast of Sheffield on the border with South Yorkshire. It lies on the B6052 and B6056 roads close to the A6135 for Sheffield and Junction 30 of the M1. It had a 2001 population of 11,152, increasing to 11,855 (including Bramley, Renishaw and Troway) at the 2011 Census.

Contents

Map of Eckington, Sheffield, UK

History

Ten Roman coins discovered in December 2008, near Eckington Cemetery may be evidence of a Roman settlement or road in the area. The oldest of the silver and copper coins is from the reign of the emperor Domitian (AD 81 to 96) while the others are from the reigns of Trajan (AD 98 to 117) and Hadrian (AD 117 to 138).

Eckington is recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086 as Echintune, a manor given to Ralph Fitzhubert. Some parts of the parish church of St Peter and St Paul date to 1100.

George Sitwell, son of George and Mary was baptised in 1601 in Eckington. George's father died whilst he was a child but as an adult he acquired the freehold of land in Eckington and exploited it by mining iron ore. In 1625, he built Renishaw Hall which is now owned by Sir Reresby Sitwell's daughter, Alexandra and her family.

Sitwell exploited the minerals beneath his estate, chiefly iron and built a blast furnace at Plumbley a mile north west of Eckington in the 1630s with his mother's second husband, Henry Wigfall. In 1652 Sitwell built a furnace at Foxbrooke, close to Renishaw, which became the core of the largest ironworks in Derbyshire. Sitwell made saws at Pleasley and in 1656, installed a rolling and slitting mill at Renishaw to supply the rod iron used by numerous local nailmakers.

During the Industrial Revolution coal and iron ore were mined and local streams, such as the Moss Brook, were harnessed to provide power for factories. The Sitwells built a large foundry and ironworks. Scythes, sickles and nails were made in the town for local use and for export. The Moss Brook was dammed to provide water power at eight sites including ChapelWheel, Carlton Wheel and Fields Wheel, to grind the blades. The remains of an old forge and drift mines exist in the valley. Eckington had a coal mine in the eastern part of the town, one of the very few in the country which is still operated.

In November there was a hiring fair for servants.

Governance

Historically, Eckington was an ecclesiastical parish in the hundred of Scarsdale in Derbyshire. After 1837 it was in the Chesterfield Poor Law Union.

Geography

Eckington covers an area of 2089 acres. The geology is the coal measures containing coal and ironstone. The Chesterfield Canal and Midland Railway passed through the parish. The Moss Brook is a tributary of the River Rother.

Schools

The oldest school in Eckington is Camms CE Primary School. In 1702, Thomas Camm endowed a schoolhouse and a schoolmaster to teach 24 poor children in the parish. In 1832, Robert Harrison moved the school to a new building which cost £600, and it was moved again to its current location on Castle Hill in 1975.

Eckington School, is a large comprehensive school, attracting pupils from the surrounding areas of Killamarsh, Renishaw, Beighton, Ridgeway and Mosborough. Despite being closer to several Sheffield residential areas the admissions policy favours pupils from Derbyshire feeder schools. It is a designated specialist engineering college. Eckington Grammar School in Halfway became Derbyshire's first comprehensive school in 1957, changing its name to the Westfield School, and since 1967 has been controlled by the city of Sheffield.

Culture

Located on the border between South Yorkshire and Derbyshire, Eckington and other towns such as Killamarsh, Mosborough and Ridgeway have their own local accent, a cross between the Sheffield (as opposed to Yorkshire) and Chesterfield accents. The influence of the Sheffield accent is the more strong.

Amenities

Eckington has a swimming pool near the library, built in the 1970s as part of a town centre improvement. The town has a bus station (halt).

Eckington Woods to the west of the town forms part of the Moss Valley conservation area. They are also known as the Bluebell Wood because of the quantity of bluebells in the springtime.

Transport

Eckington bus station serves Eckington and is on Pinfold Street. It has four stands and two rest stands. The major companies using it are Stagecoach Chesterfield, Stagecoach Mansfield and TM Travel.

People

Notable people from Eckington include:

  • Walter Bussey, footballer
  • Herbert Henry Elvin, trade union leader
  • Joseph Gales, Sr., politician and journalist
  • Joseph Gales, Jr., journalist and Mayor of Washington, D.C.
  • Joan Hinde, trumpeter
  • George Sitwell, Ironmaster was born here in 1601
  • Paul West, poet
  • Zoë Baker, swimmer
  • References

    Eckington, Derbyshire Wikipedia


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