Supriya Ghosh (Editor)


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Species  Human
Entrez  11082
Human  Mouse
Ensembl  ENSG00000164283
Aliases  ESM1, endocan, endothelial cell specific molecule 1
External IDs  MGI: 1918940 HomoloGene: 5107 GeneCards: ESM1

Endothelial cell-specific molecule 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ESM1 gene.

This gene encodes a secreted protein which is mainly expressed in the endothelial cells in human lung and kidney tissues. The expression of this gene is regulated by cytokines, suggesting that it may play a role in endothelium-dependent pathological disorders. The transcript contains multiple polyadenylation and mRNA instability signals.

The ESM-1 gene product is also called endocan since 2001, when it was characterized as a dermatan sulfate proteoglycan by Bechard et al. Recently, endocan / ESM-1 has been described as a specific biomarker of tip cells during neoangiogenesis by independent teams. Endocan expression has been shown to be increase in presence of pro-angiogenic growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2). In hypervascularized cancers, overexpression of endocan has been detected by immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies against endocan / ESM-1.


ESM1 Wikipedia

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