The Dumfries Burghs by-election was a Parliamentary by-election. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.
Dumfries Burghs by-election, 1909 Wikipedia
John Gulland had been Liberal MP for the seat of Dumfries Burghs since the 1906 General Election. On 5 July 1909, he was appointed as a Junior Lord of the Treasury, which meant, in accordance with the times, that he was required to resign his seat and seek re-election to parliament.
The seat had been Liberal since the party was created. They easily held the seat at the last election, with an increased majority;
The local Liberal Association re-selected 45-year-old John Gulland to defend the seat. The Conservatives chose Bryce Duncan as their candidate.
Polling Day was fixed for 20 July 1909.
The Liberals held the seat with a reduced majority;
Gulland retained the seat at the following general election;