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Deposition (politics)

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Deposition by political means concerns the removal of a politician or monarch. It may be done by coup, impeachment, invasion, or forced abdication. The term may also refer to the official removal of a clergyman, especially a bishop, from ecclesiastical office.

Contents

Notable deposed politicians

  • Juan Manuel de Rosas (1852)
  • Sam Houston (1861)
  • José Antonio Páez (1863)
  • Mariano Melgarejo (1871)
  • Porfirio Díaz (1911)
  • Alexander Kerensky (1917)
  • Konstantin Päts (1940)
  • Antanas Smetona (1940)
  • Kārlis Ulmanis (1940)
  • Fulgencio Batista (1959)
  • Nikita Khrushchev (1964)
  • Eric Gairy (1973)
  • Richard Nixon (1974)
  • Idi Amin (1979)
  • Anastasio Somoza Debayle (1979)
  • Jean-Claude Duvalier (1986)
  • Ferdinand E. Marcos (1986)
  • Habib Bourguiba (1987)
  • Alfredo Stroessner (1989)
  • Erich Honecker (1989)
  • Todor Zhivkov (1989)
  • Manuel Noriega (1989)
  • Nicolae Ceaușescu (1989)
  • Hissène Habré (1990)
  • Mengistu Haile Mariam (1991)
  • Jean-Bertrand Aristide (1991, 2004)
  • Carlos Andrés Pérez (1993)
  • Nawaz Sharif (1993, 1999)
  • Slobodan Milošević (2000)
  • Gustavo Noboa (2003)
  • Saddam Hussein (2003)
  • Charles Taylor (2003)
  • Lucio Gutiérrez (2005)
  • Thaksin Shinawatra (2006)
  • Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (2011)
  • Hosni Mubarak (2011)
  • Mohamed Morsi (2013)
  • Dilma Rousseff (2016)
  • Notable deposed monarchs

  • Ethelred II of England (1013)
  • Sancho II of Portugal (1248)
  • Adolf of Nassau (1298)
  • Edward II of England (1327)
  • Richard II of England (1399)
  • Wenceslaus, King of the Romans (1400)
  • Henry VI of England (1461)
  • Edward V of England (1483)
  • Mary, Queen of Scots (1567)
  • Gwanghaegun of Joseon (1623)
  • Philip III of Portugal (1640)
  • James II of England (1688)
  • Louis XVI of France (1789)
  • Bahadur Shah II of the Mughal Empire (1858)
  • Isabel II of Spain (1868)
  • Frederick William Koko Mingi VIII of Nembe (1898)
  • Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire (1908)
  • Manuel II of Portugal (1910)
  • Aisin-Gioro Puyi of the Qing Dynasty (1911)
  • Mehmed VI of the Ottoman Empire (1921)
  • Alfonso XIII of Spain (1931)
  • Farouk of Egypt (1952)
  • Constantine II of Greece (1967)
  • Idris of Libya (1969)
  • Mohammed Zahir Shah (1973)
  • Haile Selassie I (1974)
  • Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1979)
  • Notable deposed bishops

  • Cyril of Alexandria
  • Cyril Lucaris
  • John Chrysostom
  • Nestorius
  • Photios I of Constantinople
  • Antipope Benedict XIII
  • Antipope John XXIII
  • The Nine Bishops of the Nonjuring Schism
  • Robert Duncan, VII Bishop of Pittsburgh
  • Mark Lawrence, XIV Bishop of South Carolina
  • John-David Schofield, IV Bishop of San Joaquin
  • References

    Deposition (politics) Wikipedia


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