Harman Patil (Editor)


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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  †Avisauridae
Phylum  Chordata
Clade  †Enantiornithes
Species  †C. houi
Rank  Genus
Cuspirostrisornis a3atthudongcom433601000000000000119093650582

Similar  Cathayornis, Boluochia, Longipteryx, Liaoxiornis, Songlingornis

Cuspirostrisornis is a genus of enantiornithine bird. Only one species is known, Cuspirostrisornis houi, though some researchers believe this to be a synonym of the similar species Cathayornis yandica. It is known from one fossil found in the Jiufotang Formation in Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. The Jiufotang Formation is dated to the Early Cretaceous period, Aptian age, 120.3 +/-0.7 million years ago.

C. houi is known from a nearly complete fossil. The holotype fossil is in the collection of the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing, China. The fossil is given catalog number IVPP V 10897. It was collected in 1993 by Dr. Hou Lianhai and Hou Jinfeng, the illustrator at IVPP. It was collected from light gray mudstones approximately 2 kilometers west of Boluochi Village, Chaoyang County, Liaoning Province.

The holotype fossil is that of a small perching form, with a skull about 27 millimeters long. There are five pairs of tiny teeth in the premaxilla, and another five pairs in the anterior dentary. Hou states that the beak resembles that of the extant genus Motacilla, the wagtails. The ulna is large and derived, with the s-shape of modern flying birds. The sternum is large, carinate, and broad.


The genus name comes from the Latin words for "pointed" and "beak", and the species name is after Mr. Hou Jinfeng, who is mentioned above.


Cuspirostrisornis Wikipedia