The Collège Sainte-Barbe is a former school in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France.
The Collège Sainte-Barbe was founded in 1460 on Montagne Sainte-Geneviève (Latin Quarter, Paris) by Pierre Antoine Victor de Lanneau, teacher of religious studies. It was until June 1999 the "oldest" college of Paris.
The Barbiste Spirit is kept alive through the Friendly Association of Old Barbistes, founded in 1820, recognized a public society since 1880, which is the oldest association of alumni of France, "l'Association Amicale des Anciens Barbistes".
Former barbists (ordered by date of birth) include:
Among the former professors are the historian Jules Michelet (1798–1874) and the journalist Serge July (born 1942).
The buildings of the college have undergone numerous modifications since its establishment in 1460. A university library, the Sainte-Barbe Library, has opened to the public in March 2009.